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First published in 1999, this edited volume draws together contributors to discuss the end, management, technology and strategy of the Cold War with a focus on the USA and the Soviet Union. Mysteries of the Cold War enhances our view of decision-making by the two nations during the years 1945-1990 by revisiting some of the more important ‘policy puzzles’ or decision-making anomalies of that period. Among the case studies considered by academics and other expert analysts are: the 1961 Berlin crisis at ‘Checkpoint Charlie’; Soviet research and development into post-nuclear advanced technology weapons; US and Soviet maritime strategy; Soviet ‘internationalism’ and its role in Cold War policy; the ‘endgame’ of the Cold War and why it turned out that way. Included among the contributing authors are persons who spent major portions of their careers in the US intelligence community or elsewhere in the government.
After being uneasy allies in World War II, the 1950s saw the United States and the Soviet Union entering the Cold War, a thirty-year conflict in which the adversaries never went into physical battle with each other but fought many proxy wars in other nations. This gripping and fast-paced book traces the Cold War through the lens of spying and code breaking by showing how advances in computer technology and mathematics kept the technology race every bit as nerve-racking as the arms race that characterized the conflict.
The Iron Curtain was not an impenetrable divide, and contacts between East and West took place regularly and on various levels throughout the Cold War. This book explores how the European tourist industry transcended the ideological fault lines and the communist states attracted an ever-increasing number of Western tourists. Based on extensive original research, it examines the ramifications of tourism, from sun-and-sea package tours to human rights travels, in key Eastern European locations including East Berlin, the Soviet Union, Yugoslavia, and Albania. The book’s analysis of the politics, culture, and history of tourism to the East offers important new perspectives on European tourism in the twentieth century.
This new Handbook offers a wide-ranging overview of current scholarship on the Cold War, with essays from many leading scholars. The field of Cold War history has consistently been one of the most vibrant in the field of international studies. Recent scholarship has added to our understanding of familiar Cold War events, such as the Korean War, the Cuban Missile Crisis and superpower détente, and shed new light on the importance of ideology, race, modernization, and transnational movements. The Routledge Handbook of the Cold War draws on the wealth of new Cold War scholarship, bringing together essays on a diverse range of topics such as geopolitics, military power and technology and strategy. The chapters also address the importance of non-state actors, such as scientists, human rights activists and the Catholic Church, and examine the importance of development, foreign aid and overseas assistance. The volume is organised into nine parts: Part I: The Early Cold War Part II: Cracks in the Bloc Part III: Decolonization, Imperialism and its Consequences Part IV: The Cold War in the Third World Part V: The Era of Detente Part VI: Human Rights and Non-State Actors Part VII: Nuclear Weapons, Technology and Intelligence Part VIII: Psychological Warfare, Propaganda and Cold War Culture Part IX: The End of the Cold War This new Handbook will be of great interest to all students of Cold War history, international history, foreign policy, security studies and IR in general.
Communists and capitalists united in World War II to defeat the Axis powers. But following victory in 1945 the allies became adversaries. The world's two great superpowers--the United States and Soviet Union--locked in a dramatic showdown over ideology, vision and freedom that would persist for five decades. Under the omnipresent threat of nuclear holocaust, the Cold War became the defining conflict of the twentieth century. The first of two parts, this documentary program chronicles the policy of containment, the Korean War, the domestic Red Scare, and efforts toward peaceful coexistence.
The 1950s were a vital time in the history of science. In accordance with the intensification of the Cold War, many scientific talents were mobilized to several military-related research and development projects not only in the United States, but also in the Soviet Union. Contrary to the expectation of General Leslie Groves, a leader of the Manhattan Project, the Soviet Union succeeded in their nuclear weapon development in a very short time. And then, by the end of the decade, mankind reached the dawn of the Atomic Age proper with the beginning of the operation of the world’s first civil nuclear power plant in Obninsk in 1954. The risky and costly developments of new weapons such as rockets, jet warplanes, and computers were achieved by the Soviet Union in a very short time after World War ? in spite of the heavy economic damage caused by the battles with German troops in Soviet territory. Why were such a great number of scientific talents mobilized to various Soviet Cold War research and development projects? What were the true natures, and real consequences of the rushed Cold War projects? How did Soviet scientists approach the nuclear age? Thanks to the study of formerly classified Soviet archives, a more nuanced view of Soviet society has become possible. To resolve the above-mentioned questions, Ichikawa analyses the complicated interactions among various factors, including the indigenous contradictions in the historical development of science in the Soviet Union; conflicts among the related interest groups; relationships with the political leadership and the military, the role of ideology and others.
"No interruptions please," as you read about the CIA smuggling U.S. Bobsled coach, Shawn Murphy back into the Soviet Union to retrieve documents containing technology that would give Americans superior naval power. Experience thrills, chills and romance as a risky mission turns into a disaster after Murphy locates the documents but is double-crossed and becomes stranded behind the Iron Curtain with no clear plan to escape. Other twists to this fast-paced novel takes the reader from Lake Placid, New York to Langley, Virginia to Leningrad, USSR as the FBI and CIA attempt to dissolve the Mafia's connection to the Olympic sport of bobsled. It provides an astonishing connection to the sport that was hard to believe and nearly bankrupted the Bobsled organization. The CIA has a serious predicament. They can't let the Soviets capture Murphy and get the technology, but... could they afford to take a chance on another international incident? Time was evaporating. A life or death decision had to be made without permission from the proper authorities! A sequel to his first fast-pace novel, "Ice Spy," turned the turmoil surrounding the U.S. Bobsled Federation into shocking international intrigue. Associated Press reporter Chris Carola didn't know how prophetic he was when he wrote in a 1990 wire story... "The words are straight out of a spy novel: disinformation, Swiss bank accounts, rendezvous with the Russians, cash transactions that can't be traced... dangerous international activity where one wrong move can spell disaster - or death." He was referring to the turmoil surrounding the U.S. Bobsled Federation and he hit the target... dead on. Just when you think the mission has a sound plan and its presumed what comes next... another twist exposes a double agent. This action attempts to foul the plan's success. Experience thrills and chills from start to finish!
Morgan and his contributors develop the concept of the Information Regime as a way to understand the use, abuse, and control of information in East Asia during the Cold War period. During the Cold War, war itself was changing, as was statecraft. Information emerged as the most valuable commodity, becoming the key component of societies across the globe. This was especially true in East Asia, where the military alliances forged in the wake of World War II were put to the most severe of tests. These tests came in the form of adversarial relations between the United States and the Soviet Union, as well as pressures within their alliances, which eventually caused the People’s Republic of China to break with from Moscow, while Japan for a time during the 1950s and 1660s seemed poised to move away from Washington. More important than military might, or economic influence, was the creation of "information regimes" – swathes of territory where a paradigm, ideology, or political arrangement obtained. Information regimes are not necessarily state-centric and many of the contributors to this book focus on examples which were not so. Such a focus allows us to see that the East Asian Cold War was not really "cold" at all, but was the epicentre of an active, contentious birth of information as the defining element of human interaction. This book is a valuable resource for historians of East Asia and of developments in information management in the twentieth century.