馃搾 The Broken Spears by Miguel Le贸n Portilla

Genre : History
Publisher : Beacon Press
ISBN_10 : 0807055018
Copyright Year : 1992
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Translated by Lysander Kemp. Illustrations adapted from original codices painting.

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馃搾 The Broken Spears by Miguel Le贸n Portilla

Genre : HISTORY
Publisher : Beacon Press
ISBN_10 : 9780807055007
Copyright Year : 2006
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Describes ancient Aztec civilization and presents Native American accounts of the persecution and slaughter that accompanied Cortes' conquest of Mexico.

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Genre : History
Publisher : Beacon Press
ISBN_10 : 9780807095454
Copyright Year : 2011-02-07
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For hundreds of years, the history of the conquest of Mexico and the defeat of the Aztecs has been told in the words of the Spanish victors. Miguel Le贸n-Portilla has long been at the forefront of expanding that history to include the voices of indigenous peoples. In this new and updated edition of his classic The Broken Spears, Le贸n-Portilla has included accounts from native Aztec descendants across the centuries. These texts bear witness to the extraordinary vitality of an oral tradition that preserves the viewpoints of the vanquished instead of the victors. Le贸n-Portilla's new Postscript reflects upon the critical importance of these unexpected historical accounts.

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馃搾 The Broken Spears by Miguel Le贸n Portilla

Genre : HISTORY
Publisher : Wayne State University Press
ISBN_10 : 080705500X
Copyright Year : 2006
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Describes ancient Aztec civilization and presents Native American accounts of the persecution and slaughter that accompanied Cortes' conquest of Mexico.

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馃搾 Broken Spears by Neville Green

Genre : Aboriginal Australians
Publisher : Perth : Focus Education Services ; [Cottesloe, WA : Distributors, Focus Education Services]
ISBN_10 : 0959182810
Copyright Year : 1984
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Nyungar lifestyle; impact of exploration and settlement on Aborigines 1616-1852; violent conflict, especially the Battle of Pinjarra; treatment by courts and Rottnest Island Aboriginal Prison; use of Aboriginal labour; major epidemics and illnesses; missions; seizure of land.

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馃搾 Broken Spears by Elizabeth L. Gilbert

Genre : History
Publisher : Grove Press
ISBN_10 : 0871138409
Copyright Year : 2003
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A stunning visual portrait of a vanishing way of life captures the everyday world of Maasai in more than 120 remarkable images revealing the traditional rituals, ceremonies, landscapes, and life cycles of an African tribe.

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馃搾 Aztec Thought And Culture by Miguel Leon-Portilla

Genre : History
Publisher : University of Oklahoma Press
ISBN_10 : 9780806170619
Copyright Year : 2012-11-28
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For at least two millennia before the advent of the Spaniards in 1519, there was a flourishing civilization in central Mexico. During that long span of time a cultural evolution took place which saw a high development of the arts and literature, the formulation of complex religious doctrines, systems of education, and diverse political and social organization. The rich documentation concerning these people, commonly called Aztecs, includes, in addition to a few codices written before the Conquest, thousands of folios in the Nahuatl or Aztec language written by natives after the Conquest. Adapting the Latin alphabet, which they had been taught by the missionary friars, to their native tongue, they recorded poems, chronicles, and traditions. The fundamental concepts of ancient Mexico presented and examined in this book have been taken from more than ninety original Aztec documents. They concern the origin of the universe and of life, conjectures on the mystery of God, the possibility of comprehending things beyond the realm of experience, life after death, and the meaning of education, history, and art. The philosophy of the Nahuatl wise men, which probably stemmed from the ancient doctrines and traditions of the Teotihuacans and Toltecs, quite often reveals profound intuition and in some instances is remarkably 鈥渕odern.鈥 This English edition is not a direct translation of the original Spanish, but an adaptation and rewriting of the text for the English-speaking reader.

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Genre : History
Publisher : Oxford University Press
ISBN_10 : 0198036434
Copyright Year : 2004-10-28
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Here is an intriguing exploration of the ways in which the history of the Spanish Conquest has been misread and passed down to become popular knowledge of these events. The book offers a fresh account of the activities of the best-known conquistadors and explorers, including Columbus, Cort茅s, and Pizarro. Using a wide array of sources, historian Matthew Restall highlights seven key myths, uncovering the source of the inaccuracies and exploding the fallacies and misconceptions behind each myth. This vividly written and authoritative book shows, for instance, that native Americans did not take the conquistadors for gods and that small numbers of vastly outnumbered Spaniards did not bring down great empires with stunning rapidity. We discover that Columbus was correctly seen in his lifetime--and for decades after--as a briefly fortunate but unexceptional participant in efforts involving many southern Europeans. It was only much later that Columbus was portrayed as a great man who fought against the ignorance of his age to discover the new world. Another popular misconception--that the Conquistadors worked alone--is shattered by the revelation that vast numbers of black and native allies joined them in a conflict that pitted native Americans against each other. This and other factors, not the supposed superiority of the Spaniards, made conquests possible. The Conquest, Restall shows, was more complex--and more fascinating--than conventional histories have portrayed it. Seven Myths of the Spanish Conquest offers a richer and more nuanced account of a key event in the history of the Americas.

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馃搾 La Malinche In Mexican Literature by Sandra Messinger Cypess

Genre : Literary Criticism
Publisher : University of Texas Press
ISBN_10 : 9780292789609
Copyright Year : 2010-07-05
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Of all the historical characters known from the time of the Spanish conquest of the New World, none has proved more pervasive or controversial than that of the Indian interpreter, guide, mistress, and confidante of Hern谩n Cort茅s, Do帽a Marina鈥擫a Malinche鈥擬alintzin. The mother of Cort茅s's son, she becomes not only the mother of the mestizo but also the Mexican Eve, the symbol of national betrayal. Very little documented evidence is available about Do帽a Marina. This is the first serious study tracing La Malinche in texts from the conquest period to the present day. It is also the first study to delineate the transformation of this historical figure into a literary sign with multiple manifestations. Cypess includes such seldom analyzed texts as Ireneo Paz's Amor y suplicio and Do帽a Marina, as well as new readings of well-known texts like Octavio Paz's El laberinto de la soledad. Using a feminist perspective, she convincingly demonstrates how the literary depiction and presentation of La Malinche is tied to the political agenda of the moment. She also shows how the symbol of La Malinche has changed over time through the impact of sociopolitical events on the literary expression.

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馃搾 Native Mesoamerican Spirituality by Miguel Le贸n Portilla

Genre : Religion
Publisher : Paulist Press
ISBN_10 : 0809122316
Copyright Year : 1980
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This volume presents a carefully edited and translated collection of Pre-Columbian ancient spiritual texts. It presents relevant examples of those sacred writings of the indigenous peoples of Central America, especially Mexico, that have survived destruction. The majority of texts were conceived in the 950-1521 A.D. period. Their authors were primarily anonymous sages, priests and members of the ancient nobility. Most were written in Nahuath (also known as Aztec or Mexican), in Yucatec and Quiche-Maya languages.

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