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'Essays on Ethics and Method' is a selection of shorter writings on the 19th century philosopher Henry Sidgewick. The essays develop further Sidgewick's ethical ideas and illuminate other aspects of his thought.
Alasdair MacIntyre is one of the most creative and important philosophers working today. This volume presents a selection of his classic essays on ethics and politics collected together for the first time, focussing particularly on the themes of moral disagreement, moral dilemmas, and truthfulness and its importance. The essays range widely in scope, from Aristotle and Aquinas and what we need to learn from them, to our contemporary economic and social structures and the threat which they pose to the realization of the forms of ethical life. They will appeal to a wide range of readers across philosophy and especially in moral philosophy, political philosophy, and theology.
When John Harsanyi came to Stanford University as a candidate for the Ph.D., I asked him why he was bothering, since it was most un likely that he had anything to learn from us. He was already a known scho lar; in addition to some papers in economics, the first two papers in this vol ume had already been published and had dazzled me by their originality and their combination of philosophical insight and technical competence. However, I am very glad I did not discourage him; whether he learned any thing worthwhile I don't know, but we all learned much from him on the foundations of the theory of games and specifically on the outcome of bar gaining. The central focus of Harsanyi's work has continued to be in the theory of games, but especially on the foundations and conceptual problems. The theory of games, properly understood, is a very broad approach to social interaction based on individually rational behavior, and it connects closely with fundamental methodological and substantive issues in social science and in ethics. An indication of the range of Harsanyi's interest in game the ory can be found in the first paper of Part B -though in fact his owncontri butions are much broader-and in the second paper the applications to the methodology of social science. The remaining papers in that section show more specifically the richness of game theory in specific applications.
"Uniformly distinguished. . . . The cream of the philosophical thinking that has been done by students of Aristotle in this country and in Britain in the last few years. This compilation will mark a high point of excellence in its genre."—Gregory Vlastos, University of California, Berkeley
For long enough have male academics, with their privileged status and far from banal, everyday life, been able to define exclusively the morally good and bad. What is contained in our ethical handbooks on genetic engineering, economy, animal experiments, etc., is mainly the product of this narrow point of view. Feminist ethics can, according to Ina Praetorius, occur at the kitchen table as well as in the lecture room, the nursery, in the bank, or from the pulpit. Fourteen essays introduce in an understandable and often polemic form issues in feminist ethics. These issues are themes such as biotechnology, animal experimentation, life styles outside of the monopoly claims of heterosexual marriage, ecology, etc. Praetorius examines closely 'prominent' ethical outlines such as Hans Jonas' principle of responsibility or Hans Kung's project of a world ethos. The introduction offers a very informative overview of what feminists have brought to the field of ethics up to the present. This is a book for interested readers who do not shrink from anti-mainstream thinking and have developed a healthy mistrust of androcentric ethics.